Kerala Tour Destinations
Rainbow Dale (Velloor House)
Alumkadavu, S O (P O) Karunagappally
Kollam, Kerala
Phone no: 09746419328, 07560987001
Email id: ktdtours@gmail.com
Website : www.keralatourdestinations.com
 





Alleppey


The history of the district in the Paleolithic age is obscure. It is presumed that the coastal taluks of Cherthala, Ambalapuzha and Karthikapally might have been under water and these areas were formed by the accumulation of silt and sand, later than the other parts of the district. Kuttanadu, one of the taluks of the present Alappuzha district was well known even from the early periods of the Sangam age. The early Cheras had their home in Kuttanadu and they were called ' Kuttuvans ', named after this place. Christianity had a strong foothold in the area even from the Ist century A.D. The church located at Kokkomangalam or Kokkothamangalam in Cherthala is one of the seven churches founded by St. Thomas, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ. During 9th to 12th century A.D, the district flourished in the field of religion and culture under the second Chera Empire.

•    Location 150 Kms away from Trivandrum city and 35 km from Kollam
•    Tourists Season
•    August to March
•    Air
•    The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport (90Km /02 ½ hours by road)
•    Rail

Alleppey railway station is 4 Km away from the center of the town and it will connected with all cites Nearest Railway station is Kottayam, Ernakulam, and Trivandrum

By Road

Alleppey is well-connected with all major nearby places of south India like Cochin, Trivandrum, Chennai, Bangalore, etc
The mesmerizing way to reach Alleppey is water. Alleppey is well connected through waterways. It is well-linked by boat, ferry, houseboat services through the scenic backwater to Kollam, Kottayam, Kumarakom, etc There are speed boat service from Alleppey to Cochin and Approximately 02 Hrs and 75Kms

Road

•    The distance from Alleppey to Munnar is 190Km & will take 05.5hrs drive,
•    The distance from Alleppey to Periyar is 160Km & will take 04hrs drive
•    The distance from Alleppey to Cochin 70 Km & will take 02hrs drive
•    The distance from Alleppey to Trivandrum 180Km and will take 05.00hrs drive
•    The distance from Alleppey to Varkala 130Km and will take 03.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Alleppey to Kollam 90Km and will take 02.5hrs drive

Places to visit

Mullackal Rajarajeswari temple

The temple is located at the heart of Alleppey town. The presiding deity is Goddess Rajarajeswari. The temple celebrates two festivals every year. The nine-day 'Navarathri' festival is especially important. The last two days are the most auspicious days. Colorful processions participated by nine elephants are held in the evening. Only Hindus are allowed to enter the temple.

Alleppey Beach (3kms/ 15mnts)

This is one of the most popular picnic spots in Alleppey. The pier, which extends into the sea here, is over 137 years old. There is also an old lighthouse, which is greatly fascinating to visitors.

Sri Krishna temple, Ambalappuzha (20kms/ 30mnts drive)

The temple conforms to the typical Kerala style architecture. The main festival is celebrated during March/April. The temple is famous throughout Kerala for 'Palpayasam', milk porridge of exceptional sweetness prepared in a very large quantity and offered to the deity.

Arthunkal Church (22Kms/1hr)

This Christian Pilgrim centre near Cherthala is 22 km. north of Alleppey. The St. Andrews Church here was built by Portuguese missionaries. The annual feast of St. Sebastian is held here in the month of January.

Karumadikuttan (3km east of Ambalapuzha)

The small village near Ambalapuzha is known for the black granite idol of Lord Buddha known as Karumadikuttan. The idol dates back to 9th or 10th century

Chavara Bhavan (06Km from Alleppey)

The ancestral home of the blessed Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Thousands of devotees gather at this shrine. It can be reached only by boat from Alappuzha

Edathua Church (24Km away from Alappuzha)

This church, dedicated to St. George is of special significance as it is believed that prayers and offerings here help in healing all kinds of mental disorders and other ailments. The annual feast is held from 5th - 7th May and attracts devotees from all parts of south India.

Mararikulam (12Km away from Alappuzha)

Situated on the coast south of Alappuzha, it houses a quiet beach and has an adjoining fishing village

Cochin


The eventful history of this city began when a major flood in AD 1341 threw open the estuary at Kochi, till then a land locked region, turning it into one of the finest natural harbours in the world.
The Dutch wrested Fort Kochi from the Portuguese in AD 1663 and later in the last phase of the colonial saga, the British took over, the town in 1795. During 1660's, Fort Kochi peaked in stature as a prime commercial centre and its fame spread far and wide - variously as a rich trade centre, a major military base, a vibrant cultural hub, a great ship building centre, a centre for Christianity and so on. Today, centuries later, the city is home to nearly thirteen communities. A visit to Kerala would never be complete without one to Kochi. Known popularly as the ‘Queen of the Arabian Sea,’ Kochi is actually a cluster of islands in the Vembanad Lake. Cradled between the Arabian sea and the Western Ghats, Kochi has found a place in the National Geographic’s list of ‘50 greatest places of a lifetime.’ Some of the factors which make tourists flock to this city year after year is its location at the centre of Kerala coupled with its cosmopolitan atmosphere. Kochi can be said to have everything that a tourist could want-from beaches and backwaters to age-old palaces and quaint islands. Kochi also has the finest and busiest harbors in Kerala. For the same reason, it used to be the commercial and industrial capital of Kerala, visited often by the Arabs, the British, the Dutch, the Portugese, the Chinese etc. Even modern day Kochi exhibits the remnants of these cultures. The International Airport at Kochi is also the pride of Kerala, with its fine architecture and excellent facilities. Of late, Kochi is also rapidly developing as the IT capital of Kerala. A few interesting sites included in the tour are the Chinese fishing nets along the Vasco Da Gama Square, Santa Cruz Basilica, St.Francis Church, VOC Gate, Bastion Bungalow etc. Apart from these architectural splendors, an array of restaurants serving fresh seafood are also popular among tourists. The Chinese fishing nets erected on teak wood and bamboo poles work on the principle of balance. Records say they were first set up here between AD 1350 and 1450. Vasco Da Gama Square, the narrow promenade that parallels the beach, is the best place to watch the nets being lowered and pulled out of the sea Seasonal timings As Kochi is a seaside town, the climate here is moderate almost throughout the year. The months of June, July and August however, experience heavy rainfall and is best avoided. The months between November and February are pleasant and cool and ideal for a visit.

The Santa Cruz Basilica

The Santa Cruz Basilica, a church built originally by the Portuguese and elevated to a Cathedral by Pope Paul 1V in 1558, was spared by the Dutch conquerors who destroyed many Catholic buildings. Later the British demolished the structure and Bishop Dom Gomez Vereira commissioned a new building in 1887. Consecrated in 1905, Santa Cruz was proclaimed a Basilica by the Pope John Paul II in 1984 Fort Kochi is also home to one of India's oldest churches - the St.Francis Church. This was a Roman Catholic Church during the Portuguese rule from 1503 to 1663, then a Dutch Reformist Church from 1664 to 1804, and Anglican church from 1804 to 1947 Willingdon Island : It is created by the settling down of the material dredged during the deepening of the Cochin Harbour. It is an important part of Cochin as most of the port offices, customs house, railway terminals are situated in this island. Ernakulam the 'Gateway of Cochin' is regarded as the 'Commercial capital of Kerala'. The Naval Base and Cochin Shipyard are located here. It also contains beautiful parks, children playgrounds and beach side pavements.

Mangalavanam : This mangrove forest on the Dr. Salim Ali Rd. has a small bird sanctuary.

Marine drive

From here one can enjoy the views of nearby islands as well as the merchant ships and the cruise liner halting for fuelling. It is the main business and shopping area. A park avenue is located her with several parks. Parikshith Thampuran Museum : It is located at Durbar Hall road, near shiva Temple, Ernakulam. A good collection of coins, bronzes, copies of murals, and megalithic relics of Kerala are displayed here Edappilly Museum of Kerala history &Its makers : It is a fine representation of the rich historical legacy of Kerala. An impressive image of the mythological sage Parasuram, the creator of Kerala is set outside the museum. The Sound and Light show held here is accompanied by commentaries in English and Malayalam

Mattanchery

Jewish synagogue & Jew Town : This is built in 1568 and is the oldest in the country. It was destroyed in 1662 during the Portuguese raid and rebuilt after 2 years by the Dutch. Jew Town : The area around the synagogue is known as Jew Town. It is the centre of spice trade and curio shop.

Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

Located 12 km. from Kothamangalam and about 58 km from Cochin city. The sanctuary covers an area of 25 sq. km. stretching between the branches of river Periyar. This one of the famous Bird-Sanctuaries in Kerala.

Vypin Island & light house

It is one of the most densely populated island of the country and the southern part of the island fall within the city limits. The light house located at Ochanthuruth affords a view of the Cochin city and Aluva town. It is accessible by boat services. Pallipuram Fort : It is located on the northern end of the island was built by the Portuguese in 1503 and is said to be the first fort built in India by the Europeans. Cherai Beach : Most famous beach of Kochi. This beach boders the Vypin island. And is suitable for swimming. It locates near

North Paravur town

Munambam Beach : Located about 3 km away from Cherai beach. The famous Periyar river is joining to the Arabian sea at Munambam. You can see the beautiful array of chinese fishing nets here. Around 1 KM long bridge beautifully decorated and seating arrangements to see the sunset are the main attraction to this place.

Bolgatty Palace

This Dutch palace is situated on the Bolghatty island. At present it is being used as hotel. The island has a fine golf course and the panoramic view makes it an attractive picnic spot. Frequent boat service is available from the mainland

Chinese Fishing nets

The chinese fishing nets found here are the only ones of its kind in India. It is believed that traders from the court of the Chinese ruler Kublai Khan introduced these nets here. Erected here between 1350 and 1450 AD by traders from the court of Kublai Khan, these nets are set up on Teak wood and bamboo poles. The best place to watch the nets being lowered into the sea and catch being brought in is the Vasco da Gama Square, a narrow promenade that runs along the beach. The Square is ideal place to idle, with stalls serving fresh delicious sea food, tender coconut etc Dutch Palace The Dutch Palace was originally built by the Portugese. Later, in 17th century, the Dutch modified it and presented to the Raja of Kochi. Coronation of many Rajas of Kochi were held here. The place has a fine collection of mural paintings depicting the scenes from the Hindu epics Mahabharatha and Ramayana

Culture and its influences

The history of Kochi goes way back and various cultural influences have left their mark in the length and breadth of the city. Whether it is in Fort Kochi, Mattacherry, or in Thripunithura or other parts of the city, the place is teeming with art and culture. It is an integral part of the community. A leisurely stroll down any one of the lanes of Kochi will bring you up close to a variety of culture and its influences.

Indira Gandhi Boat Race

The Indira Gandhi Boat Race is held during the month of December as part of the tourism fair and attracts large numbers of tourist every year.

Attachamayam

Attachamayam is celebrated to commemorate the legendary victory of the Raja of Kochi, the festival of Attachamayam is held on the eighth day of the Malayalam month of Chingam, which usually falls in August or September.

Cochin Carnival

The Cochin carnival is held every year during the last week of December and is one of the most colorful events of all. The whole city participates by decorating shops and houses with white paper buntings. Competitions like tug-of-war, bicycle races and beach volley-ball are held though out the week. A grand fireworks display marks the end of the festival on the eve of December 31st.

Jewish Festival

An interesting and unusual event is the Jewish festival which is held every year during the months of September/ October. The festival commemorates the liberation of Jews from Egyptian slavery

Hill Palace

Built in the 19th century by Raja of Kochi, the Kochi province was ruled from here. The palace has been converted into a museum displaying a fine collection of articles used by the Rajas of Kochi apart from many archaeological findings.

How to reach

Nearest railway station : Ernakulam - travel time 5minutes.
Nearest airport : Cochin International Airport - travel time 30 minutes

Kannur


Kannur is one of the most important sea coast town of Kerala in India. This ancient port town is situated about 317 Km from Kochi and 92 Km from Kozhikode. Kannur is a town of great historical importance and was the capital of the Kolathiri Rajas for many centuries. It was once a premier port of ancient Kerala. Marco Polo, the great explorer, has referred to Kannur as 'a great Emporia of spice trade'. It came into full political lime light in the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese. The St. Angelo's fort is a landmark of Kannur.

St. Angelo's fort:

The fort is a massive triangular structure built on late-rite with a ditch and strong flanking bastions. It was built in 1505, by the first Portuguese Viceroy, Don Francisco De Almeda with the consent of the ruling Kolathiri Raja. The Dutch captured the fort from the Portuguese in 1663 and sold it to Ali Raja of Cannanore in 1772, from whom it was captured by the British in 1790. The British rebuilt the fort and made it their most important military station in Malabar.

Dharmadam Island:


This island was formed by the confluence of Tellichery and Anjanakandi rivers, north of Thalassery Town. This island has been of considerable importance to the Commerce in Thalassery in the past

Ezhimala


Ezhimala is situated 55 Km away from Cannanore town at a height of 885 feet with a conspicuous isolated cluster of hills. At the foot of the hills is an old burial chamber and a cave. Father up the hills there is an ancient mosque. Sculptured stone pillars can be seen around here. Ezhimala and its suburbs are noted for some rare medicinal herbs

Thalassery (Tellichery)


Thalassery is located 60 km north of Kozhikode. The English East India Company established its settlement on the Malabar coast here in 1683.. The Thalassery Fort was built in the early 18th century. The German Scholar Dr. Herman Gundert built a church on Netur Hills in 1889.

Mahe


Near Thalassery, this was a trading centre established by the Frech in the 17th century. It is a very small territory on the west coast between Tellichery and Badagara under the administrative control of the union territory of Pondichery. It is about 9 sq. km. in area and the liquor shops in Mahe are a hang-over of the French rule.

Parassinikadavu


Parassinikadavu is a picturesque place situated on the banks of river, 22 km, away from Cannanore. The Parassinikkadavu madapura Sri Muthapan temple is an important pilgrim centre of Kerala. This is the only temple in Kerala where 'Theyyam' a form of dance is displayed daily. Pooja is held from 5 a.m. to 8 a.m. and from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. during which Theyyam can be seen. Non-Hindus are also allowed to watch the performance inside the temple. The annual festival of the temple falls in November/December. The Kathakali club in the temple will arrange Kathakali performance on request. The duration of the show is 2.5 hrs after 11 pm. The Parassinikkadavu snake park is near the temple. It has three snake pits and 15 glass cases for the snakes and two big glass houses for King Cobras. The park will be open from 9 am. to 5.30 pm. on all days.

Transport


The nearest airport is at Calicut (Karipur). It is an important railhead of the Southern railway. Kannur is connected by road with the major centres of South India

Kanyakumari


India, the sub-continental country is known for its richness in culture and tradition. Speaking of the topography of India, the Northern side is covered by the wide range of the huge snow clad Himalayas. The west is covered by the Arabian Sea. The East is covered by the Bay of Bengal. The southern side is very unique as both these seas mingle with the Indian Ocean. The Land that is located in the tip of the country, where the three seas get united is none other than cape comerin or Kanyakumari.

DETAILS ABOUT KANYAKUMARI

The name of this place has been christened after the virgin goddess – Kanyakumari Amman. Mythological stories depict that Goddess parvati under the disguise of Devi Kanniya did a penance in one of the rocks in this area to reach the hand of Lord Shiva. This place is also a popular pilgrimage. The tourists who visit this southern most tip of India would certainly enjoy the exuberant scenes of the sunsets, the sunrises especially on full moon days. The nature of the sand in the beaches of Kanyakumari is unique as it is multicolored.
Lakhs of tourist, round the year are lured by the serene beauty of this place and the spectacles of sunrise and sunset. Though sunrise can be viewed throughout the year, sunset is visible only from October 15 to March 15 from this southernmost tip. But one can view both sunrise and sunset throughout the year from atop a hill called Murugan Kundram which offers a panoramic view of Kanyakumari. The sunset and moonrise can be seen almost simultaneously on full moon days from the same spot. It is a unique spectacle.
Amidst the sea there are two rocks known as ‘twin rocks’ both contributing to the rich Indian heritage with the monuments of swamy Vivekananda and Saint Thiruvalluvar.

Kanyakumari and its surroundings are believed to be part of the land which was created by Parasurama, incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Folktales and mythological stories speak volumes about Kanyamymari.
SOME STATISTICAL STUDY OF THE KANYAKUMARI
The total area of the land is 1,685 square kilometers. The population was 16,76,034 during the census taken in the year 2001. Every year the land receives 1,188.6 meters of rainfall. The maximum temperature goes to 35ºC and falls to a minimum of 21ºC. There are air, road and rail facilities for travelers and tourists to come and travel back. The nearest airport is about 87 kilometers away from Kanyakumari, located in Trivandrum (Kerala State). There are two railway junctions, one is the Kanyakumari Junction and the other is the Nagarcoil Junction. There are three bus terminus namely, (i) Central and Express Bus Stand (ii) Anna Bus Stand and (iii) Christopher Bus Stand.

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA ROCK MEMORIAL

The great Indian Philosopher Swami Vivekananda’s memorial is built in a small island like rock 200 meters from the shore. A very great building and other halls are constructed in this rock. Actually it is a turn rock where this memorial stands. There is a meditation hall where people who wants to meditate in a calm and composed atmosphere can perform their meditation inside it. Boat facilities are available for the tourists to visit this beautiful memorial spot.
Swamay Vivekananda came to kanyakumari on 24.2.1892 before his departure for Chicago to participate in the World Religious Conference in 1893. He sat on meditation on this rock for two days and became a powerful spiritual leader and philosopher. Vivekananda Rock Memorial has been built in 1970 and is a blend of various architectural styles of India. The memorial was constructed in 2081 working days with an average of about 650 men working under the supervision of Sri. S.K.Achari. The memorial consists of tow main structures.

Vivekananda Mandapam
The entire memorial mandapam is similar to that of Sri Ramakrishna Temple at Belur and the entrance is designed on the style of Ajanta and Ellora cave temples.
There is a belief that the original Devi temple was built on this rock or somewhere near this and the rock itself was part of the mainland. The sea might have eroded the main land and turned the rock into an island, resulting in the shifting of the old temple to the present site. This rock is approachable only by boat which provides a pleasure cruise into the sea. In the main hall there is a life-size bronze statue of Swamiji in his standing ‘parivarajak’ posture. Adjoining the main hall is the dhyana mandapam where devotees can sit and mediated in a serene atmosphere.

Sri Pada Mandapam
On this rock there is a small projection resembling human foot which has been revered as Sripaadam. According to legends it was on this rock that Goddess Kanyakumari did her penance. This special significance and sanctity attached to this rock might have prompted Swamy Vivekananda, an ardent devotee of Kali, to venture across the sea for his long meditation.

THIRUVALLUVAR STATUE

This statue of the great Tamil poet, Thiruvalluvar is built exactly of that of the statue of Liberty in America. The stone statue is 133 feet high representing the 38 chapters in the first part of the Kural (Virtue) and the 95 ft statue represents the total chapters in the second and third parts of the Kural, Wealth and Love. Thus the statue symbolizes the themes of wealth love based on virtue.
The pedestal is surrounded by an artistic mandapam known as alankara mandapam. Surrounding this mandapam stand statues of ten elephants. To help the visitors to worship the holy feet of the saint 140 steps are constructed inside the mandapam. The foundation stone for the statue was laid in 1979. Five hundred sculptors were engaged for this work under the able guidance of Dr. Ganapathi Sthapathi and the work was completed in 1999. The state was inaugurated on 1st January 2000 by Dr.Mu. Karunanidhi, the then chief minister of Tamil nadu.

•    Statistical Details of Thiruvalluvar Statue
•    Height of the statue - 95 ft
•    Height of the pedestal v 38 ft
•    Height of the face - 10 ft
•    Height of the body part - 30 ft
•    Height of the legs - 20 ft
•    Length of the forearm - 10 ft
•    Length of the palm leaves - 10 ft
•    Width of the shoulders - 30 ft
•    Length of the matted hair - 5 ft
•    Total Weight - 7000 tons

OTHER IMPORTANT PLACES IN KANYAKUMARI


BAY WATCH

This Bay watch is a water Theme park. This is 2 km away from Kanyakumari on the Kovalam Road. The park is taken care and maintained by Sree Bhadra parks and Resorts Ltd, Thirssur in Kerala. Things found here are crazy chairs, Flying Elephants, Hotel Tea cups, Cape train, Multiple Splash, Milky Way, crazy cruise, Aqua shuttle, Family pool, wave pool and sky train. It is open for visitors from 10 am to 7.30 pm. The entry ticket for children is 150 rupees and 200 rupees for adults

GOVERNMENT FRUIT FARM

This fruit farm is 2 km away from Kanyakumari on the way to Nagercoil. In this fruit farm there are variety of fruits, hundreds of plants and different species of trees found. The farm can be visited between 9 and 11 in the mornings and 1 to 3 in the evenings. Saturdays and Sundays are holidays.

MATHUR HANGING BRIDGE

This is a rare bridge found in Kanyakumari. This Hanging through in Mathur is the tallest and the longest of the trough bridges in Asia. Its height is 115 feet and has a length up to a Kilometer. It was constructed in 1966. Mathur is a hamlet of Aruvikkarai revenue village of Thiruvattar Panchayat Union. This bridge is built across the Parazhiyar River at a cost of 12.90 laths. It is built from one hill to another hill. There are 28 pillars in it. The Late Chief Minister Kamaraj built it for the goodness of the people as a drought relief measure. Now there is a children’s park and bathing platforms are put up on the banks.

MARUTHUVA MALAI

This hill which is the abode of medicinal herbs is a part of the Western ghats. Mythology says that Hanuman was carrying the Sanjeevi mountain from Mahendragiri to Srilanka to heal the fatal wounds fo Lakshmana, the brother of the epic hero Rama. On the way, a piece of rock feels here and named as Maruthuva Malai. It stretches for a kilometer and the altitude is 800 feet. It is located 11 km away from Nagercoil.

MURUGAN KUNDRAM

This place is 3 km away from Kanyakumari. The place is calm and peaceful. This is due to the power of the sun and the moon. The five day to visit this place is on ‘Chithra pournami’ a full moon day in the month of April.

PADAMANABAPURAM PALACE

This was the capital of Travancore till 1798 A.D. This was the ancient seat of the Travancore rulers. This palace is located 37 km away from Kanyakumari. The palace inside this fort covers 6 acres of land area. The antiquities, the armony of the royal families, the Ramaswamy temple near the palace, 45 panels of carvings from the Ramayana can be found inside.

GANDHI KAMARAJ TRUST

This is a historical and gallery. This gallery has beautiful portrayals of many great freedom fighters and leading personalities and a treasure of manuscripts also. This trust is near the railway station. Visitors are allowed from 9.30 in the morning till 9 in the late evening. The entry ticket for students is just 10 rupees.

WAX MUSEUM

This wax museum is the first of the Indian Wax museums. This wax museum is near the Baywatch Theme park. This was opened for visitors to see from 24th December 2005. This was built in the same style of Madame Tussand in London. This is built to attract tourists from all over the world. The entry fee to the park is rupees 200 but an entrance fee of 20 would do to visit the museum alone.

VIVEKANDAPURAM

The headquarters of the Vivekananda movement or society ie the Vivekananda Kendra is situated just a kilometer far from Kanyakumari. This is a vast land area, with many buildings, halls and other things. There is a statue of the Swami portrayed as a wandering monk and there are some unique pictures preserved here.

VIEW TOWER AND TELESCOPE HOUSE
The vast area of the landscape, the seashore, the Vivekananda Memorial and the Thiruvalluvar Statue can be seen clearly from the telescope in this view tones. In the mornings from 5 am to 7 pm in the evening the visitors can have a view on the telescope. The entry ticket is rupees 2 for children and rupees 3 for adults.

VATTAKOTTAI

This place is 6 km north-east of Kanyakumari. There is a granite fort located in this place. This along with the other line of ramparts are terminals to the south Travancore. It was built by King Marthanda. This was built in defense, to protect, Nanjil Nadu. The fort is located in a three and half acres land area. The fort walls are of 25 feet high. There is a parapet which is 29 feet thick in the front side and 18 feet at the corners and 6 feet at the rears. This was very strongly built through the orders of De Lennoy, during the reign of King Marthanda.

UDAYAGIRI FORT

This fort is an old monument of the state. It was built during the king Marthanda Varma’s rule during the 18th century. This fort has a fountry for casting guns. Inside the fort is the De tennoy’s tomb. De Lennoy is a Dutchman. In 1741, the Dutchmen were defeated by King Marthanda in a battle held at Colachel. De Lennoy was one among the 24 prisoners who were prisoned in this fort. Some became close to the king. They trained the soldiers by the European method of warfare. The fort is allowed for visitors during daytime. It is located 34 km away from Kanyakumari.

MUSEUMS AND MEMORIALS IN KANYAKUMARI

GANDHI MEMORIAL

It is said that the burnt ashes of the late father fo the nation Mahatma Gandhi was put in a pot and kept in the shore for people to see before immersing it in the tri seas. The place where the pot was placed, later a memorial place was constructed for him. The sunrays pass through the building and fall exactly where the ash pot was placed, on the particular day i.e. October 2nd. It is a testimony to modern architecture.

KAMARAJ MEMORIAL

Kamaraj was regarded as the King Maker of India. He had influenced many a political event in the country. He was born of a humble family and then went on to become the chief Minister of Tamilnadu. He was a hard worker and a political acumen. This memorial was dedicated and built for the great freedom fighters hardwork and achievement on 2nd October 2000. This memorial is located near the Gandhi Memorial.

GOVERNMENT MUSEUM

This museum is located on the beach road. The collection of sculptured artic rafts and crafts of South Indian temples are preserved in this museum. This is one of the tourist’s must see place.

JEEVANANDAM MANIMANDAPAM

Jeevanandam was one of the fore runners of the Marxist movement of India especially in Tamilnadu. He represented in the 1957 election contesting for washermenpet in Chennai and proved to be an emiment Parliament member. A memorial was built in respect of Jeevanandam on 19-04-1998 at Nagercoil. The memorial has the statue, the life history and photograps of Jeevanandam, displayed in it.

SAIKUTHAMBI PAVALAR MEMORIAL

Saikuthambi Pavalar was born on 31-07-1874. He had a good knowledge of Tamil grammar and literature. He performed the ‘Sathavathana programme’ in the presence of the Tamil scholars on 10th March 1907 and was appreciated. He was a freedom fighter, died on 13-12-1950. His memorial was built and opened on 26-09-1987, at Idlakkudi Kottar in Nagercoil.

VELU THAMBI DALAWAR MEMORIAL

This memorial is located 30 km away from Kanyakumari. This place is of historical importance. The great revolutionary Velu Thamby Dalawah, who was the general (Diwan) of Travancore was born here. He rose and fought against the British supremacy in India. His home located in Thalakulam village was ransacked by the Britishers. He used his weapons and other belongings to fight against the Britishers kept in this place.

Kasargod


Kasargod is the northern most district of Kerala in India. It also has a long history of Islamic culture and influence. The Malik Deenar Mosque is of historic importance. The town is situated on the sea coast 420 Km away from Cochin and 50 Km. away from Mangalore. There is a railway station here and the nearest airport is at Mangalore

Bekkal Fort

This magnificent fort with its circular laterite structure about 130 ft. is situated 16 km south of Kasargod on the National Highway. The Bekkal fort is of great historical and archaeological interest. This is the largest and best preserved fort of Kerala. This fort overlooking the Arabian Sea was built 300 years ago. It was in ancient days under the Kadampa dynasty and later under the Kolathiri Rajas. Subsequently it became a part of the Vijayanagar Empire. Tippu Sultan captured this fort in the late 18th century. After the overthrow of Tippu Sultan Bekkal was incorporated into the domain of the English East India Company. The fort is now managed by the archeological department of the Government of India. Bekkal is also a health resort. An old mosque is also situated very near to the fort and it is believed to have been founded by Tippu Sultan.

Chandragiri Fort

Chandragiri lies south east of Kasargod town. It has a large square fort situated by the side of a river. The fort was built in the 17th century by Sivappa Nayak of Bedanore who established his authority over the area and built a chain of forts. A mosque is situated nearby and there is an ancient temple here which is known as Kizhur State Temple. The important festival which is celebrated in this temple is Pathu Ulsavam. The temple is also connected with the Thrikkanaya temple at Bekkal. For the annual Jatra, the deity of Kiizhur is taken to Thrikkanaya and after the Ulsavam it is returned to its abode

Ananthapura Lake Temple

This is situated about 30 km from Bakel, this ancient temple amidst a serene lake belongs to the 9th century. The legent has it that this temple is the original abode, known as the 'Moolasthanam' of Sri Padmanabha Swamy, the presiding deity of the temple at Thiruvanthapuram.

Govinda Pai Memmorial

The memmorial of Late Sri. Govonda Pai, the grant patriarch of Kannada literature is situated at Manjeswaram. At Manjeswaram there are 15 mosque one of which is attributed to Malik Ibn Dinar

Madiyankulam temple

It is situated near Kanjangad in Hosdurg. The main diety of the temple is Bhadrakali. The festivals in this temple falls during the month of May/June and December/January. The most ceremoniously performed Bhutha dance is held here in connection with the festival. There is another temple at Adoor known as Sree Mahalingeswara temple which is situated in picturesque surroundings on the southern banks of the river Payaswini. It contains a sanskrit inscription in Kannada script which has been ascribed to the Western Chalukya King Kirthivarma II by scholarsIt is situated near Kanjangad in Hosdurg. The main diety of the temple is Bhadrakali. The festivals in this temple falls during the month of May/June and December/January. The most ceremoniously performed Bhutha dance is held here in connection with the festival. There is another temple at Adoor known as Sree Mahalingeswara temple which is situated in picturesque surroundings on the southern banks of the river Payaswini. It contains a sanskrit inscription in Kannada script which has been ascribed to the Western Chalukya King Kirthivarma II by scholars

Malik Deenar Mosque

This historic mosque, the Jumma Masjid is believed to have been built by Malik Ibn Dinar. It is rich in Kerala style of Architecture and is located in Thalankar, Kasargode id reversed as the west coast centre of Islam

The nearest Airport is at Mangalore, 50 km away. International airport at Nedumbassery, Cochin is 376 km south

Kollam


Area 2579 sq. km population of 361,441
Located 71km to the north of Thiruvananthapuram, We can make eight-hour boat trip between Kollam and Alleppey which offers a variety of scenic beauty as the journey passes through lakes, canals, and backwater villages. This is a port town used by Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs and the Chinese. This port town was found in the 9th century. The town is also associated with the early history of Christianity. Its traditional industries have been cashew nut processing and fisheries but modern industries including coir, ceramics and aluminium are booming.

Tangasseri

(5 km from Kollam Town) this seaside village of historic importance has the ruins of an Old Portuguese fort and churches built in the 18th century. The Tangasseri lighthouse, which is 144 feet high,

Thenmala

(66km east of Kollam) An Eco Tourism Development projects are under implementation here

Ashtamudi Lake

The Lake Fringed with coconut, palms and picturesque beauty, the beautiful Ashtamudi Lake extending north from the town is best explored by boat called Kettuvallam

Jadayupara

A huge rock at Jadayumangalam takes its name from the Mythical bird 'Jadayu' in the epic Ramayana, who is believed to have collapsed on the rock after failing in his attempts to prevent Ravana's kidnapping of Sita

Matha Amrithanandamayi Ashram

(30 Kms from Kollam town) the residence and headquarters of Matha Amrithanandamayi Devi, is situated at Amirtapuri, vallicavu

Kottayam


The word 'Kottayam' is derived from the two words of Malayalam 'Kotta' which means 'fort' and 'Akkam' which means 'inside'. So, the combined meaning of the word Kottayam is 'inside the fort'. Kottayam is an important commercial centre of Kerala, situated in the southern part of India. The town is surrounded by some of the most fertile and beautiful scenery in the state with hills to its East and backwaters to the west. Most of India's natural rubber originates from the lands of well-kept plantations of Kottayam, also home to the Rubber Board, one of the country's primary commodities board

The history of Kottayam is significant from the time of the second Chera Empire who used to have a great influence on the region. Maharaja Marthandaverma had a great influence on the state of Kerala as a ruler. He conquered the Vembolinadu established by his former rulers. Since ages, Kottayam has been regarded as one of the most important places of Kerala both politically and otherwise.

•    Tourists Season : August to February
•    Altitude : 1600Mts to 1800Mts above sea level
•    Air : The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, 105 km (3hrs by road) & Trivandrum International Airport (215Km / 06hrs by road)
•    Rail : Kottayam (KTYM) railway station is situated in the heart of the city and is under the administration of the Southern Railway. Nearest Railway station is Alleppey, Ernakulam, and Trivandrum

Road
•    The distance from Kottayam to Alleppey is 40Km & will take 01hrs drive
•    The distance from Kottayam to Kumarakom 17Km & will take 10 Minutes drive
•    The distance from Kottaym to Periyar 123Km & will take 03hrs drive
•    The distance from Kottyam to Munnar to 140m & will take 04.00hrs drive
•    The distance from Kottayam to Cochin 90Km & will take 02.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Kottayam to Kollam 130Km & will take 03.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Kottayam to Trivandrum 220Km & 06.00hrs drive
•    Places to visit

Valiyapally

Built in AD 1550, this is one of the largest churches in Kottayam. The church is dedicated to St. Mary and is located in Thazhathangadi about 4km northwest of the town center. The church is known for 8th-century Persian crosses with Pahlavi inscriptions that prove them to be the earliest examples of Christianity in India.

Cheriyapally

The church of Cheriyapally is dedicated to St. Mary. Built in 1579 AD, the church houses some exquisite vegetable dye paintings on the ceilings and walls depicting biblical and non-biblical themes.

Thazhathangadi Mosque

Known for its exquisite architecture, the mosque forms an important pilgrim center of Kottayam. The 1,000-year-old mosque at Thazhathangadi is believed to have been built by Malik Dinar.

Good Shepherd Church

The Good Shepherd Church is the first church of the district of Vijayapuram, built in the Italian style. The construction of the Church was completed in 1882 and was renovated in 1964. The annual feast of Good Shepherd is held here in the month of April every year.

Thirunakkara Mahadev Temple

The temple built by Thekkumkar raja is a wonderful reflection of the traditional Keralese architecture. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the temple is believed to be around 500 years old. A glimpse of the temple from outside doesn't give even a slightest hint as to what lays inside. The highlight of the temple are the murals on the walls. Also, the sanctum sanctorum is ornated with scenes from the Hindu epics. The annual Phalguna Utsav attracts a large number of devotees to this temple every year in the month of March. Usually, the temple is open from 5 am to 12 pm and then later from 5 to 8 pm.

Ettumanur


12Km away from Kottayam town main attraction Shiva Temple
(Opening from 4 in the morning to 12.30 in noon and then from 5 to 8 in the evening)

Excursion From Kottayam

Ayyampara

43 Kms from Kottayam, this is a well known scenic spot of rocky plains, where a 100 acres of flat rock makes a natural granite stadium to enjoy the sunset and the view of the town below. It is a good place for trekking.

Vennimala

Vennimala, is the serene and beautiful hill top destination: Vennimala is located around 15 Kms from the Kottayam town and can be accessed easily through the Kottayam- Kumuly road. The major attractions at Vennimala are its age old Lord Sri Rama and Lakshmana temple. Vennimala is covered by lush green vegetation and rubber plantation

Kanjirappally

39 km away from Kottayam. Main attractions are Old churches, Temples and Mosque

Pala


27Km away from Kottayam town. Main attractions are St Thomas Cathedral, St Mary's Forane Church of Kuravilangad and the Twin Temples of Poonjar.

Mannanam

11Kms away from Kottayam Town, the importance of the place can be gauged from the fact that it is linked inextricably with the Blessed Father Kuriakose Elias Chavara.
It also has many other things to its credit - it is the seat of very first seminary of the Malabar Church, first Catholic Sanskrit School in Kerala, first printing press in Kerala started by Rev Benjamin Bailey, first Catholic English School and lastly the first daily newspaper in Malayalam. Moreover, there is St Joseph's church, despite being renovated a number of times, has the original altar ornated with gold filigree work and paintings by Tamil artists.

Festivals of the Kottaym

Ettumanoor Festival

This is the ten-day annual festival celebrated in February - March to honor the age-old temple that has brought glory and fame to the place.

Manarkad Perunal

This festival is one of the most famous festivals of Kottayam, Kerala dedicated to St. Mary Church, Manarkad. This festival is also known 'Ettu Nompu Perunnal' in which most of the women observes fast and on the last three days colorful processions are being taken out with golden crosses.

Thirunakara Festival

The annual festival of this temple falls in the months of March-April, when folk arts like 'Mayilattam' and 'Vellakali' are presented in the temple grounds during the evenings

Kovalam


District Trivandrum
Location (Trivandrum), in the South Indian state of Kerala.
Known for The Most Popular Beach in Kerala, Yoga and Other Health Related Activities
Best Time To Visit September-April
Beach Attractions Open Sea, Beaches, Vast Stretch of Land, Vizhinjam Village.
Attractions One of the cleanest and safest beaches in the country, Kovalam is just 16 km away from the capital city of Kerala.
To Shop/td> Sea Shells, Handicraft Items made from Seashells, Paintings, Carpets, Metal Work, Woodwork Articles.
Getting Around Poovar – 18 km, 15 kms from Trivandrum, 60 kms from Varkala
Don't Miss Stay in the Ashrams and Experiencing Ayurvedic Treatments.
Inside Tip While Staying in the Ashrams do abide by the rules and regulations of the Ashram.
Where to Eat Sea Face Dosa Camp, Lonely Planet, Garcia, Swiss Cafe, German Bakery.


Getting There
Air Trivendrum International Airport, Thiruvananthapuram – 15 km
Rail Trivendrum Central – 13 km.
Road Kovalam is off the N-H-47 Bypass.


Three crescent-shaped beaches separated by rocky headlands. To the right are barracked coconut plantations. Below little spits of white sands race against the azure waters of the Arabian Sea. To the left is a sprawl of restaurants, holding hands with the sun-kissed sands of the beach, continuing their journey through the passage of time. No less fascinating are the ayurveda centres that have swelled around the beach, promising solutions for all ailments. Welcome to Kovalam, the undisputed capital of Kerala's rhapsody scene. Interestingly, there is a fairytale realm that envelopes Kovalam. Anything goes here and all kinds of people cluster here - from megalomaniac millionaires to bums on the dole, from world-renowned identities to anonymous human heads. Kovalam is a junction that cannot be described successfully. It has to be experienced, preferably on a full moon night, at a hopping beach party.

Looking around this sun-and-sand paradise, it's difficult to imagine that Kovalam was once just a pretty fishing village with a prettier beach. In Kovalam, as the hippies discovered this hidden jewel long ago, the tourists - and the locales - inhabit different universes. The day-trippers from Thiruvananthapuram almost always climb the rocky promontory to Halcyon Castle, striding carefully for spectacular views of the sea, whereas trotters prefer to jaunt around the crescents, looking for an opportunity to cheer up a romantic evening. An added advantage for them are the seaside eating joints serving Italian food and signboards in German. Unfortunately, the rustic charm of the yore is missing, but there is no ways to complain. The sunny beaches will see to that.

Drive Your way

A drive to the shores would be the best idea for a well planned holiday vacation in Kovalam. Smooth, straight roads lead to Kovalam, 13 km from Thiruvananthapuram. From Kovalam Junction, you have to take a right turn to reach the three main beaches. This road forks into two; the left turn takes you to Hawa Beach and Lighthouse Beach, whereas the straight road takes you to Ashok Beach, the main Kovalam beach. Kovalam's KSRTC Bus Stand is near Vizhinjam Church on the Vizhinjam-Poovar Road. It has services in every 15 min to Trivandrum. If you want to come by air, land at Trivandrum International Airport, and get a taxi to cover the rest 16 km to reach Kovalam.
Kozhikode


Kozhikode or Calicut has great historical importance. The great explorer Vasco-Da-Gama landed here in 1498 AD. This city was once the capital of the great Zamorins. The district is gifted with natural wonders and artificial splendours. The museum and art Gallery here is a treasure of antique furniture and objects. The importance given to science, engineering and technology is apparent from the 'Regional Science Centre'. The beach resorts attract both the locals and the visitors. It is an industrially developed district. It is well-known for timber industry.

Pazhassiraja Museum and Art Gallery

It is located at east hill, 5 kms. from Kozhikode. The museum includes copies of ancient mural paintings, stone umbrellas, antique bronzes, temple models and an awesome pictures of a glorious past

Beypore

This place about 10km South of Kozhikode, at Chaliyar river mouth was an important harbour of the olden times. The 'Uru' or the 'Arabian Trading Vessel' here is one of the by-products of a 1500 years old tradition.

Kozhikode Beach

It is a pleasure to watch the Sunset from here. The old lighthouse and the two piers leaping into the sea each of which is over a hundred years old, the lions park for kids adn the marine aquarium for the kids and the grown ups alike, all add to the pleasure.

Kallai

The beautiful bridge if steel built by the British here, stood the weather. this was once an important trading centre of Timber
.

Kappad

This place, 16 km from Kozhikode, commands a place in the pages of history as it is here that the great explorer Vasco-Da-Gama set foot on Indian soil along with 170 assistants in three vessels on the 27th of May, 1498. The local name of the rocky beach is Kappakadavu. The temple on a rock which protrudes into the sea, is believed to have been built about 800 years ago.

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary

Exotic species of birds make their homes, between November and April at this river - mouth region

Velliyamkallu

The massive rock here forbade the portugese invaders as it offered the ideal footage to the Marrakas to counter attack the intrudes. Once, the entire crew of a Portugese warship was annihilated here. The rock with natural engraving is a real excitement.

Payyoli

This is also a beautiful beach, a favourite haunt of solitude seekers, near Velliyamkallu. This is the native place of Indias 'Payyoli Express' ie. the famous athlet Smt.P. T. Usha

Kumarakom


Kumarakom is a small backwater village lying west of Kottayam. It is a part of Kuttanad, which is a ' wonder land ', lying below sea level in the backwaters. Kumarakom is an unbelievably beautiful paradise of mangrove forests, emerald green paddy fields and coconut groves. The village of Kumarakom is a cluster of little islands on the Vembanad Lake in Kerala. Kumarakom offers nature's best with its virgin forest backwaters. It is a place fit for those quiet and intimate moments when you just want to be with yourself in tranquility and peace.

Tourists Season : August to February
Air : The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, 90 km (02.5hrs by road) & Trivandrum International Airport (210Km / 06hrs by road)
Rail : Nearest Railway station is Kottayam, Alleppey and Ernakulam

Road
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Alleppey is 40Km & will take 01hrs drive
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Kottayam 17Km & will take 15 Minutes drive
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Periyar 140Km & will take 04.00hrs drive
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Munnar to 160Km & will take 04.00hrs drive
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Cochin city 70Km & will take 02.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Kollam 120Km & will take 03.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Kumarakom to Trivandrum 200Km & 06.00hrs drive

Places to visit

Pathiramanal

Pathiramanal is a small island in Muhamma panchayat of Alappuzha district. The name Pathiramanal literally means 'midnight sand'. According to legend, a famous Brahmin, Vilwamangalathu Swamiar, during a night boat ride through Lake Vembanad, wanted to 'answer the call of Nature'. For this, he magically created the island, at night, from the lake; hence, the name. The scenic beauty of both sides of the lake as well as that of the island is mind blowing. This 10 acre island on the backwaters is home to many rare varieties of migratory birds from different parts of the world. The island is an hour and half drive by motor boat or 30 minutes by speed boat from Alappuzha town. One can also take the boats plying in the Muhamma - Kumarakom water route. It takes around 40 minutes from Kumarakom to reach Pathiramanal. The journey through Vembanad Lake is a marvellous experience. Surrounded by the Vembanad Lake, stretching from Alappuzha to Kochi, Pathiramanal is accessible only by boat. The green island thus forms an ideal place for a break in the journey while on a backwater cruise

Vaikom Mahadev Temple

8 Kms from Kumarakom, associated with the legendary Parasurama, this temple is a typical example of the Kerala style of temple architecture. This temple is famous for its elephant pageant and traditional art performances.
St. Mary's Church, Manarcad (30 Kms from Kumarakom) Situated 10 Km. east of Kottayam town, Manarcad Churc
h is famous for the 'Ettu Noyampu' i.e., the eight-day retreat and fast which begins on the 1st of September every year. The Perunnal (Feast) falls on 8th and 9th of September.

Bird Sanctuary

Inhabiting an islet on the Vembanad Lake at a distance of 12 kilometers from Kottayam in Kerala, the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is an enjoyment for the bird lover. Showcasing a mystifying collection of unique birds among the pantheon of general bird population it is an ideal place for tourists to enjoy the serene loveliness of the environs.
The best time for bird watching is: November to February
Area - The park is spread over an area of 101 acres.
Excursion from Kumarakom

Vagamon


Vagamon, 64 km from Kottayam sited at an altitude of 1100 meters above sea level is a trekker's ecstasy. It is an idyllic vacationer spot bordered by the foliage of tea gardens, striking pastures and vales.

Extra activities in Kumarakom

•    Cooking class
•    Village walk
•    Auto rickshaw ride in the village area
•    Toddy taping visit
•    Coir making centre visit
•    Canoe ride
•    Paddy field visit and mingling with harvester women's
•    Speed Boat in Vembanad Lake
•    Motor Boat Ride (Timing: 09.00-17.00 hrs)
•    Day Cruise in a House Boat with Lunch (Duration 04hrs)
•    Houseboat stay & Cruise
Malappuram


Malappuram was the military headquarters of the well known Zamorians of Kozhikode and later it became the headquarters of British troops which is about 50Kms afar from Kozhikode. This district is Bounded by the Nilgiri Hills in the east, Kozhikode district on the North, Arabian Sea on the West and Thrissur and Palakkad districts on the South. It has historic and archeological importance. Malappuram district has been declared as India's first computer-literate village.

Kottakkal

Kottakkal, the name mention the thought of Aryavaidya sala founded by Vaidyarathnam in 1902. This is a century old Charitable Institution engaged in the practice and propagation of Ayurveda, the ancient health care system of India, has branches throughout the State and other major cities of India. It specialises in the Kerala's traditional system of health and medicine and runs an Ayurvedic research centre, a nursing home an a hospital.

Tirur

It is the birth place of the 'Father of Malayalam language', Thunchath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan. He is highly venerated and even the sand of his birthplace is considered to be sacred.
It is a major trading centre of fish and betel leaf.

Wagon Tragedy

Tirur railway station is a witness for the heart breaking 'wagon tragedy' of the 1921 rebellion as the British police carried 61 if the 70 revolutionists in a fully closed airtight railway goods wagon to pothanur on November 10, 1921 and thus killed more than fifty persons by suffocation.The wagons were returned with the dead bodies to Tirur.

Angadippuram

The town located near Perinthalmanna, on the Chennai - Kozhikide route is an important religious centre for both Hindus and Muslims. The principal dieties of the Thirumadhankunnu temple are Goddess Bhagavathi and Lord Shiva. Tali temple is the other important shine in the town. The Puthanangadi mosque has Arabic inscriptions engraved on one of its planks.

Kadampuzha

Kadampuzha is famous for the Bhagavathy temple. It have been established by Adishankara, a great religious reformer of hinduism.

Thirunavaya

It lies 8 kms. south of tirur and is famous for Thirunavaya Navamukunda temple and annual Sarvodaya Mela.

Nilambur

It is famous for its forests, rivers, waterfalls and teak plantations. World's oldest teak plantation is located at Nilambur, called Conolly's Plot

Munnar


Munnar is one of the most popular hill-resort towns in Kerala and in southern India. Munnar is located on the Western Ghats, situated in the Idukki district. The name Munnar is believed to be derived from the Malayalam words Munu (three) and aaru (river), referring to the town's strategic location at the confluence of the Muthirappuzha, Nallathanni and Kundaly rivers.

The Munnar panchayat in the Devikulam block is the largest panchayat in the Idukki district having an area measuring nearly 557 kms.
Temperature
Min. 0c – Max. 25c
Tourists Seasonv August to May
Air
The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport (140Km /4 hours by road)
The nearest major railway stations are at Ernakulam

Road
•    The distance from Munnar to Alleppey is 190Km & will take 05.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Kumarakom 175Km & will take 04.05hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Kottayam 160Km & will take 04hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Guruvayoor 195Km & will take 05hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Thrissur 170Km & will take 05.00hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Madurai 165Km & will take 04.5hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Palani 140Km & 04hrs drive
•    The distance from Munnar to Coimbatore 170Km & 05.00hrs drive

Places to visit

Mattupetti (15Km from Munnar)

It is known for its dairy farm. Over 100 varieties of high yielding cattle are reared here. In addition, Mattupetti has a beautiful rose garden. Visitors are allowed between 0900 to 1100 hrs and 1400-1530hrs. The Mattupetti dam is close to the farm. Boating facilities are available in this beautiful dam. Speed launch, slow speed boat and motor boats are available for hire. In the month of January and February the farm is closed as it is the cattle breeding season
Eravikulam National Park / Rajamala (15km from Munnar)
Eravikulam is one of the Kerala's finest wildlife reserves, and is an excellent location, 16 km from Munnar, makes it an unforgettable experience for any person who loves staying outdoor. The park is spread across 97 kms in Rajamala Hills. It is a combination of grassland and shola forests. This place is the natural habitat of Nilgiri Tahr (mountain goats), Nilgiri Langur, sambar etc. The Park is around 95 square kilometers. You will find the park irresistibly beautiful. The park is closed in the month of February & March every year as it is the breeding season of Nilgiri Tahr
Note: Private or Tourist vehicle are not allowed inside the national Park area.

Tea Museum (inside the city) - 2 km

This museum highlights some of the very interesting facts and figures about the growth and development of tea plantations in Munnar. An important landmark of Munnar, the tea museum houses old photographs, machinery, curios and other artifacts that have been used since ancient times.

Blossom International Park

This Park is located 3 Kms away from Munnar, on the way to Cochin. Commencing from Head works Dam it stretches about 15 acres. Beautiful gardens with rare varieties of plants and flowers, shady trees, facilities for water cycling, boating cycling for kids, roller skating etc are amusing. In addition Tree houses, ropeways and swings are arranged. Anybody who wants to spend some leisure time at the lap of serene natural beauty will find this park as the right place.

Top station- Munnar

Top Station is 41 km from Munnar, and is appropriately named. This is the main abode to the highest tea plantations of India. It takes one hour to reach Top Station from Munnar.
It is located on the borders of both the states, Kerala as well as Tamilnadu and dictates an absolute panoramic view. Tourists keep visiting top station as it is in the Theni district of Tamil Nadu and Idukki district of Kerala. It is at an altitude of 1700 meters.

Echo Point (20 km from Munnar)

On the way to top station, at a spot on the lake embankment, amid some hills, every loud sound is echoed manifold by the surrounding hills - the spot is called Echo point which also offers panoramic views. It is an excellent place, especially for young travelers to disembark for a while, yell out & listen to our own voice echoing.
Other Sightseeing Options in Munnar

Kundala (28 kms from Munnar)

The Sethuparvathy Dam constructed in 1946 as a part of Pallyvasal Hydro Electric Project is a ravishing sight. The tranquility of the place will never fade from the memory of the tourists. Cherry blossoms which appear twice a year and kurinji flowers which bloom once in twelve years will stay in your mind even years after you leave the place. Pedal boats and Kashmiri shikaras are made available to the tourists to make the memories of their visit everlasting.

Power House Waterfalls (17 kms from Munnar)

There is a lovely waterfall, which emanates from the legendary 'Sita Devi Kulam' near Devikulam, believed to have been the bathing place of 'Sita' wife of 'Rama' of Ramayana (the epic story that works even now as the cultural unifying foundation of several nationalities in South-east Asia). The visitors to the waterfalls believe that the medicinal and curing powers of the water will act as a natural massage and have curing properties.

Anayirankal (27 kms from Munnar)

Sprawling tea gardens surrounded by evergreen forests on the slopes of high mountain ranges make the Anayirankal Lake and Dam a very popular picnic spot. Herds of elephants often visit the lake to quench their thirst, giving the visitors a rare opportunity of seeing elephants in open place from safe vantage points.

Pallivasal (8 kms from Munnar)


The unparalleled beauty of nature and the astonishing heights of human achievements meet at the sight of the first hydro electric project of Kerala. A visit to this place will satiate the body and the mind and will be etched in the mind forever.

Chithirapuram (10 kms from Munnar)

The Middle Ages charm of cottages bungalows and courts with the greenery all around captivate the visitor. Pallivasal Hydel-Power Project and scenic tea plantations are the crowd-pullers.

Meesapulimala (25 ms from Munnar)

The second highest peak in Kerala (2650 meters), offering a splendid view of Tamil Nadu spread out below, is reachable via 'Silent Valley', a picturesque tea plantation area. Idukki, Mattupetti and Anayirankal reservoirs can be viewed from this spot on clear days.

Marayoor (42 kms from Munnar)

The relics and remnants of a new stone-age culture (caves, paintings and under ground tunnels) and places connected with the legendary wanderings of 'Raja and Sita' (Ramayana) and the 'Pandavas' (the Mahabharata) make this place important historically.
The largest concentration of high-quality natural sandal wood trees and a sandal wood factory are the present day attractions.

Anamudi Peak

This hill is rich in various kinds of flora and fauna and is very well known for possessing endangered animals. Anamudi peak shelters many animals as it resembles the original abode for the animals with its dense forests. Nilgiri languors, leopards, tigers, and macaques are found here

Excursion from Munnar

Devikulam

This beautiful hill station is located at a distance of 7 kilometers and is known for its beautiful lawns and rare flora and fauna. There is a lake known as Sita Devi Lake.

Attukal

Located at a distance of about 9 kilometers from Munnar, Attukal provides beautiful scenery of stunning waterfalls and lush green hills. Attukal is usually visited for trekking excursions.

Pothamedu

Pothamedu is situated at a distance of 6 kilometers from Munnar. This lush green area is famous for its cardamom, tea and coffee plantations. The zigzag mountainous roads make an excellent place for long walks in the lap of nature.

Iddukki Dam (60kms from Munnar)
The Idukki Dam is built on the Periyar River, in the ravine between the Kuravan and Kurathi Hills in the southern part of Kerala. This is the world's second and Asia's first arch dam, constructed across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. 550 ft. high and 650 ft. wide, the dam lies close to the Cheruthoni barrage. To its west is the Kulamavu Dam. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary is located close by.
During the vacation for Christmas & Onam, this dam will be kept open for public visit.

Extra activities in Munnar

Day Trek in Meesapulimala (Duration 7-9 hours)
Meesapulimala - the second highest peak in S. India, around 25 kilometers drive up to Silent Valley estate through the Kanan Devan Hills tea plantations and scenic beauty valleys etc...,
The trek will be through the Shola grass lands, Pine forests, valley of Rhododendrons etc...,
Top station valley trek (Duration 5-6 hours) Around 29 kilometers drive up to Yellapetty estate through the Kanan Devan Hills tea plantations, villages, Madupatty, Echo-Point, Kundala Dam etc..., and the trek will be through the tea plantations, dense shola forests, mountain ridges, shola grass lands, etc...,
Kolukkumalai Jeep safari, tea trail and Orthodox Tea Factory (1935) visit (Duration - Full day tour) 'The highest tea growing estate in the World' Chinnar wildlife sanctuary safari, through the Anamudi shola National Park (Duration - Full day tour) 'The biggest shola forest in India'


Palakkad (Palghat)


Palakkad is one of the beautiful district of Kerala and is situated at the foot of the gigantic Western Ghats. It is a land of mountains, forests, rivers, mountain streams, palm trees and paddy fields

Tippu's Fort

This fort is built by Hyder Ali of Mysore in 1766. It is also known as Palakkad Fort

Malampuzha


This is a beautiful picnic spot. There is a dam built on the river Bharathapuzha and beautifully landscaped gardens. It is 12 kms away from palakkad city and frequent buses are available from Palakkad

Parambikulam

This is very famous wildlife sanctuary in India and It is a habitat to elephants, sambar, wild boar, guar, crocodiles, bison, tigers and panthers. There are also bonnet macaques, kraits, turtles, darters, spectacled cobras, vipers, little cormorants and black eagles. You can enjoy an exciting ride boat cruising on the marshes inside the sanctuary

Nelliyampathy

It is a beautiful hill station around 60 km away from Palakkad in the Nelliampathy forest ranges. This forest range constitutes a series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of evergreen rain forests.

Pathanamthitta


It is a well-known district for communal and cultural harmony. There are many churches, temples and mosques built in close proximity. There are number of temples including the Lord Ayyappa at Sabarimala where thousands of pilgrims reach during the Makara Jyothi festival. Achan Kovil, Manimala and Pamba are the three important rivers that flow through this district. The Pamba river merges beautifully with two other rivers giving the place, the name 'Thriveni Sangamam' which means 'the confluence of three Rivers'

Sabarimala:

This is well known pilgrim centre of India in Kerala state. It lies 181 Km north of Trivandrum and 210 km away from Ernakulam (Cochin). The holy shrine dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is situated 914 metre above the sea level amidst dense forests in the rugged terrains of the Western Ghats

Aranmula:

It is situated on the banks of the sacred Pampa river, 10 km from Chengannur on the Trivandrum-Kottayam road. The Parthasarathi temple here is dedicated to Lord Krishna and attracts many devotees and is an important pilgrim centre of Kerala. The town is also famous for Aranmula Uthrattadi Vallamkali, a snake boat race, which is held on the annual commemoration of the week long Onam festival. It is also famous for its hand made mirrors of polished metal called 'Aranmula Kannadi'.

Pandalam:



The holy town include The Valiakoikal temple on the banks of the river Achenkovil bears resemblance to the Lord Ayyappa Temple at Sabarimala. The pilgrims on their way to Sabarimala customarily worship here since this is the place according to the legends, where Lord Ayyappa, on his human incarnation, was born as the son of the King of Pandalam. As part of the festival formalities, the ornaments of Lord Sree Ayyappa are taken in a grand procession, teemed with ardent devotees, from here to Sabarimala, three days in advance of the famous 'Holy Makaravilaku festival'

Thiruvalla


The place is famed by the presence of Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church headquarters. the wall paintings of the Paliakara Church here are extraordinary. Kathakali performances are part of the daily routines in or probably only in the 'Sree Vallaba Temple here'

Mannadi

This place about 13 km from Adoor is where the renowned freedom fighter Veluthampi Dalava whoc hailed from Travancore, spent his last days. this is also the venue of folklore and Folk arts Institute of Kerala

Kaviyoor

This is 5 Km away from Thiruvalla on the banks of Manimala river. Here is a temple dedicated to Sri. Hanuman stands on a small hill and has been built in the gable style of architecture peculiar to Kerala. One more rock-cut temple 1.5 Km away from the Kaviyur temple, whis is of great archeological importance. The temple has been assigned to the 18th century due to its close resemblances to the Pallava style. It is about 20 feet broad and the central shrine is a square cell with a rock cut 'Sivalinga'. Two inscriptions engraved on the central shrine are dated to the Kali era. The stone figures engraved in this temple are among the earliest specimens of stone culture. This temple is now preserved as a historical monument by the Archeological department

Maramon convention

this place is the holy sight of the christians where thousands of them from all over the world congregate for a huge religious convention. It is held in February. this is perhaps the christian convention of maximum turnout in the whole of Asia.

Parumala

About 10 Km from Thiruvalla, the place is known for the grand festival Ormaperunal which means commemoration day. It is the commemoration of 'Mar Gregorious Metropolitan', the deckared saint of Malankara Orthodox Church, celebrated on the 1st and 2nd of November every year.

Cherukolpuzha

This is the place where thousands of Hindu Congregate, usually in February every year and perform an important religious ritual on the river bed of the Holy Pamba.

Niranam

Here the oldest Christian church, believed to be built by the Apostle St. Thomas in AD. 52, is situated

Perumthenaruvi

This is a famous water fall situated in the Pathanamthitta District. The water flows down on the rocks into a sixty to one hundred feet deep. This falls is 36 km from Pathanamthitta via Vachoochira.
Poovar




Poovar Beach


Poovar is one among the natural wonders where the Lake, River, Sea and Beach meet the land. A rare find in Kerala, the southern state of India
Poovar is unspoilt and unexplored, envoloped by the most serene backwaters, and opening out to the sea and a dream golden sand beach.The historical importance of Poovar has its strong ties with the legendary King of the erstwhile Princely State of Travancore, the great Marthanda Varma Maharaja

Raja Marthanda Varma ( 1706 - 1761 ) was born at a time when the royal power of his family was declining. In fact, the Raja was once outsted from his throne and in exile. But, a strong ruler, Marthanda Varama Maharaja not only regained his lost land but also enlarged his kingdom besides reasserting the royal power during his 29-year rule from 1729 to 1758. And, the success story of the Maharaja had close links with the small and beautiful land of Povar, situated on the south of the Neyyar River

How to reach

Nearest Airport - Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) International Airport : (travel time - 45 minutes by road. Nearest railway station Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) - (travel time - 45 minutes by road
Though Marthanda Varma Maharaja was proclaimed the successor of the King, the two sons of the late King ( Ettuveetil Pillamar) with the help of Madampis tried to usurp power. The Maharaja had to flee from his land as he had life threat from the Thampis and in the process landed up in Poovar. It was Moosa marikar, a rich and aristocratic businessman in Poovar, who gave asylum to the Maharaja. The business magnet of Poovar, Moosa Marikkar, also patronaged the Maharaja for his regaining power of his lost kingdom.
Among the fascinations the Raja experienced at Povar during his shelter there was the site of red flowers, chipped out from the Kovala trees standing along the Neyyar riverbanks, floating in the river as a red carpet on water. The legned is that the stream was named as "POOVAR" as the Raja described the river as "POO-AAR" ( meaning a stream of flowers). The beauty and greenery of the picturesque and unparallel silence of Poovar captured the mind of the Maharaja

More about Poovar


Poovar Beach, near the Kovalam Beach, separates the River Neyyar from the sea. Poovar is basically a fishing village and the only way to reach Poovar is through water. Known for its pristine and virginal beauty, Poovar Beach is haunted by those who love solitude. Beach activities and water sports are not developed in this beach because of the fishing population. The estuary there is one among the natural wonders where the Lake, River, Sea and Beach meet the land, and is situated adjacent to the Poovar Island; a rare find in Kerala, the southern state of India. It is enveloped by the most serene backwaters and opening out to the Sea and a dream golden beach.

Poovar is truly a window into paradise. Time stopped a few decades ago bowing to the sheer beauty of Poovar. The tranquility of Poovar is punctuated by the sound of waves and the birds. The area is abundant in well-preserved local flora, with hundreds of species of spices, exotic flowers, complete with banana and coconut groves

Poovar offers several possibilities. Cruise to a neighbouring fishing village in 2 minutes. Alter course, and visit a centuries old martial arts village. Kerala is the birthplace of a unique martial art form. The traditional lifestyles here provide the experience of a natural museum

The Poovar beach separates the river from the sea and is quite breathtaking. Because of the active fishing population the beach is not really used as a sunbathing spot or for swimming as the currents are quite strong



Thekkady




District Idukki
Location 186 km SE of Kochi in the Idukki district of Kerala
Poular For Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Spice Plantation
Best Time To Visit September to March
To See Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Tribal Heritage Museum, Mangaladevi Temple.
Most Famous For Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.
Don't Miss A Scenic Walk to the Ayurvedic Factory located 1 km away.
Must Experience Elephant Safari in the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.
Getting Around Peermade – 39 km, Pachakanam – 42 km, Gavi and Pullumedu – 48 km.
To Shop Kerala Spices, Cee Pee Spices, Indian Spices, Crescent Spices.
Inside Tip Stay away from the Wild Elephants in Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary as they at times may become furious.
Where to Eat Muthoot Cardamom County, Hotel Kumily Gate, Hotel Lake Queen.


Getting There
Air Nearest Airport : Kochin International Airport. Nedumbassery.
Rail Nearest Railhead – Kottayam 119 km / 2 hrs.
Road 5 km from Kumily on NH220. On NH 19, which runs the length of Eastern Idukki District.



Thekkady is all about Periyar. And visiting Periyar is like looking at the vast green patches of Kerala wildlife through a pair of binoculars! Aptly located in the most dramatic of settings - amidst soul-soothing mountain ranges, lush valleys, picture book lakes and shimmering rivers - the tropical rainforests affords one of the world's most ancient and complex enviornments. The definition is transparent. Say Thekkady and the whole of Kerala will cheer up to playful herds of elephants wandering in the unending chains of hills. However, if you visit Thekkady (named after 'thekku', or teak trees), you will find that it is not as simple as it seems. For time immeorial, Kerala is known for its spices and traders crowd here for commercial gains. So how these slanting hills of Western Ghats cannot encourage, but sit idle to the ambrosial aroma of the Indian spices? It is a country that exudes the spirit and ethos of nature. Plan a holiday tour to the place where you can feel nature at every twists and turns. Stay in one of those raw cottages modelled after the jungle dwellings of the local tribal inhabitants. And a trip to Thekkady will make you articulate enough to describe your experiences in God's own country so vividly, that many people will soon be eager to follow your itinerary in India.

Periyar Tiger Reserve - In Search of The King
Declared a protected area way back in 1933 by the Maharaja of Travancore, the Periyar Tiger Reserve in Thekkady, flaunts to be the largest sanctuary in the state of Kerala. Irrefutable pug marks of the Great Indian tiger are present everywhere, dotting the moist grounds of the terrain. It is here, that you can see spurting sambars, closely followed by a pack of wild dogs or pairs of green eyes turning inquisitively to the faintest of noises made. Ride an elephant at the Periyar wildlife sanctuary and you can't resist yourself from falling in love with these sensitive and intelligent animals. Apart from elephants, one can also enjoy the the rare lion-tailed macaque and the Nilgiri Langurs. It is not unusual to spot a few monitor lizards basking in the sun, on the rocks along the lakeshore or a python creeping the swinging branches of rugged timberlines of the Nilgiris. Flavour Your Spirits With A Handful of Spice
The slopes of Thekkady abound in practically every conceivable type of plantation. Sprawling tea estates cover much of the landscape, but cardamom, rubber, vanilla and coffee plantations are also aplenty. Perhaps that explains the never-ending cups of green cardomom-flavoured tea proffered at any time of the day. Walk amidst the palatte displaying variant shades of green, neatly arranged into terraced farms, the symmetry broken only by the sudden appearance of a gurgling stream. A lazy mist curls through the hills tuning life into a dreamy rhythm, as you find yourself renouncing to this sensual overflow. It is believed that the spice trade dates back three thousand years in Kerala. As for the many spices that find their home here, Pepper still remains the king. Nevertheless, the slanting slopes also caress a variety of cinnamon, clove, nutmeg, ginger, tumeric and curry leaves. Try to make a trip to the Sahyadri Organic tea factory in Peermade, a recent venture of the PDS. Housed in a white-washed building, the factory can be viewed from specially designed vantage points so that visitors can have a good view without disturbing the production line.
Explore In And Around Thekkady
Apart from being the habitat of sundry wild animals, the woods of Thekkady also foster different tribal communities - Mannans, Palians, Ooralie - who still carry on with their age-old practices of herding and bee keeping in perfect harmony with nature. Contact the reserve and get along with the Tribal Heritage Programme that lasts for two hours. As a part of it you will be taken to the distinctive grey thatched tribal hamlets and also to the Tribal Heritage Museum. Ask your tribal guide and he will show you traditional fishing gears, hunting gadgets and indigenous medicinal plants - an important part of their culture and more importantly, their life. Drive 12 km from Thekkady past dense forests to reach the Mangladevi Temple, situated on the northern boundary of the reserve. The ruins of this stone temple houses the deity of Mangladevi or Kannagi - the protagonist of the Tamil epic 'Sillapadhikaram' - who is said to have burnt down Madhurai after her husband was mistakingly accused of being a thief and killed. The view from this site is breath-taking; grey relics standing solitary under the cobalt blue sky with the greens of Periyar at the backdrop.

Let Your Eyes Travel And Mind Fly To The Exteriors
Unspoiled and picturesque, the rolling hills of Peermade - named after the 13th century Sufi saint, Peer Mohammed - is situated at 39 km from Thekkady. Peermade town is fairly small with most of the sight-seeing being scattered in the vicinity. Visit the 160-year old Summer Palace of the Travancore maharajas, located down a dirt road at a spot 10 mins off NH 220. Ask the caretaker and he will help you to climb the stairs of history by a tour through the entire building - from the durbar hall to the dining and kitchen areas, from the bedrooms to the cramped prison cell. Don't forget to tip him for his time and expertise. Next in your itinerary should be the Sahyadri Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Factory and Treatment Centre, an institution set up by the Peermade Development Society (PDS). Rejuvenate yourself with a good ayurvedic massage by the expert masseurs and you will feel fresh and energetic enough to carry on with your journey. Enjoy a scenic walk to the Ayurvedic factory located at a km away. Remember to remove your footwear (rubber slippers are provided instead) and cover your head with hairnets. Inside, one gets a glimpse of the various stages of processing of herbal ingredients into ayurvedic decoction. The Fun of Shopping In Thekkady
Shopping is really a fun in Thekkady. Everything is trivial but that's the beauty. You will feel like buying everything displayed in the tiny colourful stalls of Periyar. Being in the heartland, it is not bizarre that you will find the best of fenugreek, white and green pepper, rolls of cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, star anise, coriander, cloves..and the list is endless (in short, every spicy fragrance you can dream of). You can also buy a sample of all these, packed in neat, little, transparent packets, complete with printed labels. Get a packet of banana chips, freshly fried in coconut oil, as you meander through the labyrinthine corridors of the spice markets. Well, in the end don't forget to present your kids some good quality T-shirts with exclusive Periyar Tiger Reserve motifs, of tigers and elephants.

Trichur


Trichur the 'Cultural Capital' of Kerala has been of great religious and cultural significance for many centuries. The district is endowed with rich history and culture and has played an important role in the political history of South India. Thrissur is well known all over the world for its Pooram festival

Vadakkunnathan Temple:

The temple is one of the oldest and largest temples in Kerala and a classical example of Kerala style of architecture with beautiful murals delineating graphically, various episodes from the Mahabharata and wood carvings and art pieces of immense historical value.. This is one of Kerala's most ancient shrines. It preserves and respects an amazing Mahalingam concealed under a huge mound of ghee. Pouring of ghee on the idol is the main ritualistic offering in the sanctum sanctorum. Miraculously the ghee never melts even though it gets heat from the atmosphere and the burning wicks. Parts of ghee mound are said to be over thousand year old

Pooram

Trichur pooram festival is the major attraction, celebrated during April-May, the Elephant umbrella competition is spectacular as beautifully decorated elephants carrying ceremonial umbrellas, takes the deity on a chariot around the main temple. The nearby Paramekkavu Bhagavathi Temple and Thiruvambadi Krishna Temple are also participants in the festivals. Excellent fireworks are on display during the celebration.

Cheruthuruthi

It is famous for the Kerala Kalamandalam, established by poet Sri Vallathol Narayana Menon in 1930. The centre imparts training in various traditional art forms like Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Koodiyattam, Thullal and folk dances

Zoo

It is situated 1km away from the town. A number of Indian and exotic animals are kept here. It includes a vast number of deer, monkeys, peacocks, leopards, snakes, hippopotamus, etc. Zoo opens for public at 10 am. and closes at 5 pm.
Museum : It is situated adjacent to the zoo. A collection of articles related to olden days are found here

Peechy Dam

This place is 24 Km away from Thrissur. The dam and wild life sanctuary attract tourists. There is a beautiful garden also.

Chimmini wild life sanctuary
Nearly 35 Km from Thrissur. The dense tropical forests here is very famous. The dam across the chimmini river offers a breathtaking view.

Guruvayur


Located 31 km. north-west of Thrissur. This is a major Hindu pilgrim centre. It is also known as the 'Dwaraka of south'. Main attraction is the famous Sree Krishna Swamy temple. The belief says that this temple was created by the teacher of Gods Brahaspathi (Deva Guru) and Vayu (God of winds). The Idol of the Lord Guruvayur is said it have been worshipped by Lord Brahma himself at Dwaraks
Elephant-race is an important event of the festival. The Elephant who comes in the first place in the race, gets the right of carrying the Lord's replica during the ritualistic procession.
Guruvayoor Ekadasi is another important festival celebrated at the temple in the month of November/December ('Vrichikom'). This is an auspecious day because it is believed that on the Guruvayur Ekadasi day, Lord Krishna imparted the Gita to Arjuna.

Thiruvananthapuram




History of the city

Thiruvananthapuram is so called the city of Sacred Snake. Named after Anantha, the thousand - headed serpent of Hindu mythology, the city once formed a part of the Travancore kingdom, its capital at Padmanabhapuram, now a part of Tamil Nadu. Thiruvananthapuram is one of the cleaner and well-planned cities of the country.

Thiruvananthapuram was ruled by many historian rulers dating back to 10th century AD, Thiruvananthapuram has the international well renowned beach at Kovalam. Thiruvananthapuram is an ancient city with trading traditions dating back to 1000 BC. The name literally splits into 'Thiru','Anantha''puram' meaning 'the town of Lord ANANTHA'. It was considered as the trading post for spices like the rest of ancient Kerala. The early rulers were the Aryas. With their fall in the 10th century, the city was taken over by the rulers of Venad. The city was officially known as Trivandrum till 1991. The name is still in common use and most non - Keralites prefer to use Trivandrum. This city is famous for yoga and Ayurvedha.

Climate

March to June - Summer
December to February - Winter
July to August - Rainy
September to October – Spring

Museum of History & Heritage in Trivandrum

it is located in Park View, Museum Junction. The exhibits of this musuem belong to different periods in History like the Paleolithic, Neolithic and Mesolithic.The Heritage gallery includes musical instruments like Chenda, Maddalam, Edakka, Udukku, Tudi and folk instruments like Pulluva Veena, Nanduni, Wind instruments, Kombhu & Kuzhal. Tamburu made from mud is noteworthy.A model of Kerala's traditional (Nalukettu) house with Poomukham, Nadumuttam and traditional kitchen is another exhibit that will take your breath away.The Sculpture gallery includes sculptures in stone (Ganapathi, Vishnu, and rare Bhuthagana), wood (Narasimha, Vishnu, Brahma) and bronze. A rare Shakthi Ganapathi (Ganapathi with his consort), Kalamezhuthu, mural paintings, Theyyam Saptamatrika are other exhibits.

Elephant rehabilitation centre Kottur(from trivandrum 60 km)

Here, visitors can have a close look at aged elephants leading a retired life and young ones being trained in welcoming visitors. Elephant safari is also possible here from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. The safari is of twenty minutes duration at Rs.100 per person. Entrance Rs.20 per person.

Eco Tourism sport (only for nature lovers and adventure tourist)

Mankayam waterfalls are located near Palode in Thiruvananthapuram district. Mankayam River is a tributary of Chittar River. The Chittar River originates from the Chemunchi hills and flows through the Brymore forest to form this tributary. Mankayam River on its way produces two waterfalls, one at Kaalakkayam and Kurissadi. The area surrounding the Mankayam waterfall up to Kaalakkayam is covered with dense forests. The Mankayam waterfall is recently considered as an ecotourism zone and is managed by the State Forest Department. There is a Forest Protection Group that works under the State Forest Department who would provide all the help for trekking and other needs. The area is ideal for trekking. A trekking area near the Iruthala Moola - Ayampara is a great experience and one can also see the Ayampara waterfall from here.

Napier Museum

The Museum was established in 1855. In 1874, the Old museum building was demolished and foundation for the new building was laid. The new building was named after Lord Napier (The Governor of Madras - 1866)

Sri Chitra Art Gallery: (Located near Napier Museum)
This art gallery displays selected paintings of Raja Ravi Varma, Svetlova and Nicholas Roerich and exquisite works from the Rajput, Mughal and Tanjore Schools of art in India. Paintings from China, Japan Tiber Bali Padhmanaba Swamy Temple (Hindus only allowed). Dressing regulation: Men should wear dhothi & women must wear saree while entering the temple.

Kuthira Maliga

Palace Museum is housed in a 200 Year - old palace of the Travancore Maharajas, notable for it is Keralian architecture, the palace took 5000 workers and four years to complete

Padhmanabapuram Palace

This place made of wood has some interesting mural of the seventeenth century. 54km from Trivandrum
Shanghumugham Beach
Just 8 Km from the city, this is a favorite haunt of sunset watchers

Neyyar Dam

It is 45 Kms from Trivandrum city and it is picnic spot and dam site, there are facilities for boating at the reservoir & there is a lion safari park and a crocodile farm. Coir making & fisherman village in Vizhinjam near Kovalam Thiruvallam, this serene backwater stretch, enroute to Kovalam, is famous for its canoe rides.

Mirror Museum

Magic Academy is all set to strike a wonder with Mirror Museum, claimed to be the first in the State, which would house magic and only magic. The mirror museum has been named as 'Mayakannadi' and opened on all the days and no holidays


Koyikkal Palace, Nedumangadu

When we take Nedumangadu as a sightseeing destination, there is one Palace which has historical importance. Koyikkal Palace built around 450 years ago for Umayamma Rani of the Venad Royal Family who ruled the land between 1677 and 1684. Now it is a Folklore Museum and a Numismatics Museum set up by the Department of Archaeology, Government of Kerala. A collection of old music instruments can be seen over here. Collections of old coins even used around 2500 years before are also displayed here. It opens all the days except on Mondays.
Opening time is 09.30 AM and closing time in the evening is 4.30 PM

Tropical Botanical garden, Palode

Further drive towards Palode, there is a botanical garden established by the Government of Kerala in the year 1983. Now it is under Technology and Environment Department. This garden has wide varieties of plants. There are separate areas for Medicinal plants, palms, Bamboo plants, etc around fifty varieties of bamboos are here. They have a garden for orchids also. Plants can be purchased by the guest who visits their office directly. This office opens all the days except Saturday, Sunday and government declared holidays. Many guides are available who are appointed by the government to explain about the garden and its plants to the clients

Thenmala

This is the first planned ecotourism project not only in India but also in Asia. The honey collected from Thenmala forest region is of good quality and of high medicinal value because of the unique floristic composition of the forests. Thenmala ecotourism has been divided into three zones. Adventure zone, Cultural zone & Lesure zone. Zone wise description follows

Adventure Zone

Those who like adventurous activity may certainly like this zone. Elevated Walkway, The Mountain Biking (Depends upon the weather condition only), Rock Climbing, River Crossing, Nature Trails, Resting Spots, Lotus Pond, etc. are something to be explored over here. These are optional and not in a big range. But it may be interesting for adventure lovers.

Leisure zone

In this zone, there is one Sculpture Garden where we can see something which relates the life of man with nature. There is a walk way which is designed neatly through the forest to explore these.

Culture zone

This zone is coming with various activities which favors to general tourism. Pathways, Boardwalk, Sway Bridge, Resting points Sculpture garden are the specialty of this zone
Other than these zones, we have something more to explore and they are Deer Park, Thenmala Dam, Boating in wildlife sanctuary (Temporarily stopped), Palaruvi Waterfalls

Trivandrum Air Connection

Domestic flight (Direct) from / To: Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata & Cochin International flight (Direct) from / To: Colombo, Maldives, Dubai, Sharjah, Bahrain, Doha, Kuwait, Riyadh, Singapore & many connected flight from/to Europe.

Rail

Trivandrum is well connected with all the major cities in India

Varkala




History of the city

This small town is 50kms north of Thiruvananthapuram is an important religious destination, and has also become a popular seaside resort over the years. It has a beautiful beach facing the Arabian Sea. Varkala is also a good stop-over while travelling from Thiruvananthapuram to Kollam. The most important religious landmark

Location 55 Kms away from Trivandrum city and 35 km from Kollam
Nearest railway station
Varkala, 3 Kms away.
Nearest airport
Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, 60kms away.

Papanasam Beach
This Beach is a place of refuge for sun-bathing and swimming. The evening view of the sunset here is worth. There are several small restaurants and snack shops near and around Papanasam beach, which attracts the maximum visitors both for leisure as well as for religious reasons

Sri Janardhana Swamy Temple

Sri Janardhana Swamy Temple is a pilgrim centre for Hindus who visit this temple in huge numbers. This temple is built on a hill top. Non Hindus are not permitted in the inner sanctum but can go around in the temple. The original temple was a Vishnu shrine, which was destroyed by tidal waves. Many years later a Pandyan king rebuilt the shrine

Sivagiri Mutt

This is a religious site founded by Sreenarayana Guru (1856-1952) the famous Philosopher & Social reformer of modern Kerala. This Mutt is also the Headquarters of the Religious Organization Sri Narayana Paripalana Sangam established by the Guru to propagate 1 Caste, 1 Religion, 1 God. Sivagiri Pilgrimage is conducted between 30th December & 01st January No entrance. No Holidays. Opening times: 5.30 am to 12:00noon and 4.30 pm to 7.00 pm.

Ajengo Fort

It is the main Centre of the Dutch East India Company and is situated very close to Varkala Town. The Fort still reminds us the powerful East India Company.

No entrance. Monday Holiday

Kappil Lake

It is located at the outskirts of Varkala town. The lake gives way to the pictorial world of the Kerala backwaters. The scenic beauty of the estuaries of the lake is eye catching.

Sarkara Devi Temple

This temple is a famous old temple situated near Varkala at Chirayinkeezhu. The temple is famous for the kaliyoot festival on the Malayalam month of Kumbham (March). It is considered as the Popular Festival of Varkala.

Wayanad


District Wayanadu
Location North Eastern tip of Kerala in South India.
Known As The Green Paradize of Kerala
Best Time To Visit August to April
Attractions Edakkal Caves - 25 kms from Kalpetta, Tree Houses in Vythiri - 62 km NE of Kozhikode, Kuruvadweep Tribes.
Most Famous For Neolithic Cave Site at Edakkal.
Don't Miss Tea and Cardamom Plantations, Picturesque Locations
Must Experience The Wayanad Wildlife.
Getting Around Banasura Sagar Dam, Chembra Peak, Edakkal Cave, Kuruva Island, Lakkidi, Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary, Pakshipathalam, Pazhassi Tourist Resort, Pookot Lake, Sentinel Rock Waterfall, Sochippara Waterfall.
Inside Tip While Entering the Edakkal Cave, do make use of Trekking Shoes.
Where to Eat Hotel Green Gates, Hotel Haritagiri, Vythiri Resort, Haritagiri Malabar Food.
Getting There
Air Air - Nearest Airport is Calicut.
Rail Nearest Railway Station- Kozhikode.
Road Wayanad is Well Connected with Roads.

Wayanad - Magic of The Greens

"For in the true nature of things, if we rightly consider,
every green tree is far more glorious
than if it were made of gold and silver."
- Martin Luther, German priest and scholar (1483-1546)
They say you should not climb high during the rains. But what they don't know is that the beauty augments tremendously. And undoubtedly, Kerala holds some surprises up her green sleeves, surprises that can even get under the skin of a beauty-hardened identity. Almost every conceivable inch of the mist wrapped undulating hills of Wayanad - that lie embracing both the Western Ghats and the Nilgiris - have coffee, pepper, cinnamon and cardamom growing on them, all of it camouflaged by lush rainforest that bemuses the eye and overwhelms the soul with its varied characters of green. It is a place which turns blue in every 12 years. It is place that brings home the forests of Wayanad literally to the doorstep of your bedroom, for there are hotels that have built their rooms not on Earth but up, up and up to the green tree tops. It is a land that affords some of the much-talked wildlife species of the world, who roam freely amidst stunning orchids and tall bamboo plantations. And if you're sick of sham creature comforts, head for some of the jewels, which radiate despite being tucked into the wild beauty of Wayanad. Wayanad truly portrays a pristine environment unblemished by the excesses of civilisations.

The Crinkled Chapters of History


The literary society endorses that Wayanad has derived its name from the words 'Vayal Nadu' - meaning, the village of paddy fields. Previously the region was ruled by the Rajas of the Veda tribe and later by the Pazhassi Rajahs of Kottayam royal dynasty. When Hyder Ali became the ruler of Mysore, he invaded Wayanad and brought it under his sway. Later during the reign of Tipu, the entire Malabar region was handed over to the British, which was followed by fierce and calamitous encounters between the British and the Rajas of Kottayam.

Explore The Charms of The District


The best place to start your itinerary in Wayanad is surely Lakkidi, the gateway to Wayanad, located at 5 km from Vythiri. Interestingly, this 2297 ft high pad of survival registers the second highest degree of rainfall in the world, only after Cherrapunji! Drive out of Lakkidi towards the 'ghat' pass. Just before the 'ghat' begins, you'll come across a curious sight - the chain tree of Lakkidi, a banyan tree with chains wrapped around its trunk. Ask the locales and you will come across the interesting legend of a restless spirit that used to wander in the woods a few time back. Three km from Lakkidi, the small, placid and lotus-covered Pookote Lake, offers a pleasant picnic spot and memorable boating options. If you are staying in one of the tree houses in Vythiri, take a walk to the lake amidst the tall trees until the serene lake unveils its dark beauty in front of you.

While you are at Pookote Lake, a visit to the Uruvu Eco shop is a must. Check out products made out of two dozen varieties of bamboo. They are mostly made by tribals and women of the area. Get a few pieces of alluring bamboo shirt hangers and wine bottle covers. If this shop interests you, then you should visit their factory (open from 9 am to 7 pm), 26 km away en route to Suchipara Falls. You will find them experimenting with some new products and design. Thirunelly, 34 km from Mananthavady on the northern side of Brahmagiri hills, is a place that have been unianimously referred to as the Heal station. Spend some time at the Thirunelly Temple, known for its tough, unpolished architecture and shielded by 30 granite columns. Male devotees can enter the temple only if they are bare-chested and carry a mirror at a side.

Edakkal Caves - Art In Stone


If you are intersted in primordial history and want to read a book with fantastic pictures, visit the world-famous Edakkal Caves, located at 3 km from Ambalavayal which is 25 km from Kalpetta. Edakkal literally means 'the stone in between' in Malayalam, and is a fissure made by a corner of rock splitting off from the main body due to some natural causes. What makes it a cave to the ordinary observer is the fact that in the other portion of the large cleft, an enormous rock, weighing several tonnes, has fallen forming a roof over a large part of it. The caves, located on an ancient route connecting the high ranges of Mysore to the ports of Malabar, are a source of mystery to archeologists. Though the origins of the engravings in the cave (generally depicting images of tribal kings, queens, elephant, deer and wheeled carts) are still unknown, but they are attractive enough to entice a visitor. The cave immortalises the memory of a tribe that hunted in the forests, tamed and bred animals, and farmed on the hill sides. You can take your vehicle only up to the first kilometre of the gradient. Park your vehicle at the notified common car park and hire a jeep thereafter. Begin your climb where the jeep stops, after buying your entry ticket. It's an adrenaline pumping scramble to the top, but the view is worth it - acres and acres of green forest and hillocks greet you as you reach there. Don't forget to peep through the telescope that has been thoughtfully provided midway. When you visit the caves, try the special ginger sherbat and the special herbal masala soda, sold at the place where the jeep drops you. Remember to stop by at the numerous handicraft shops on your way back from the cave for carvings made from coffee wood.

Tribals of Kuruvadweep - The Darker Sights of Your Own Isle

Rafting on the ebullient waters of the Kabini river would eventually fetch you to the 950-acre island of Kuruvadweep, an island that has the power to put you into a Mowgli mindset. The deep thickets forces you to think like a denizen of a jungle. Deep and dark, thick and sinister. Except for the Katunayika tribe, the island is uninhabited and untouched by modernity. You have to cross shallow streams of water to reach the land and by the time you experience the firmness of ground beneath your feet, there is a marshy patch that you must negotiate by climbing over the branches of a dead tree. Take a pleasant bath in the running waters of the Kabini river and later dry off in the mild sun. Observe the white floral patterns caused by dried up algae on the rocks here. Its better to keep aside half a day for this wonderful stream-green trekking exercise. Even long after you return, the rustle of dry leaves and the mellow music of the stream will keep ringing in your ears.

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